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VELIKI PRESLAV













Veliki Preslav,

( The Great Preslav ),

was the second Capital
of the First Bulgarain Kingdom.














Tzar Simeon ( 893-927 ) erected
the new capital,
which became a powerful cultural, political and
administrative centre of the young Christian state.
The town had area of about 5 km2,
surrounded by fortress walls up to 3 m thick.









The Madara National Preserve

The Madara National Preserve is situated 17 km from the town of Shoumen. A range of cliffs show signs of human presence dating back to the III century B.C. The most famous sight here is a mysterious bas-relief known as the "Madara Horseman". Interesting about the relief is the fact that it is carved into the rockface at a height of 25m above the ground. The details are apparent by sunlight because the monument is so eroded. The carving is said to represent a horseman who is trampling a lion. He holds a pike in one hand and a wine cup in the other. There is a god behind the rider. There are inscriptions around the image of the Rider, which are written in old Greek language and telling about some Bulgarian rulers. The oldest inscription mentions the name of the Bulgarian Khan Tervel - probably the relief was carved in VIII c. There are different oppinions what the relief represents. The Rider of Madara is a unique example of the Bulgarian mediaeval art. It is included in the UNESCO list of cultural monuments with world significance.